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Saint Boltoph's Northfleet Parish Church in County Kent, England

Norfleet Family Genealogy

Merton College, Oxford, the college of Master John de Northflete

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 Norfleet Family Genealogists

by Phil Norfleet

There are several individuals who have devoted substantial time and effort to unearth the real story of the early generations of the Norfleet family in America. People such as Antoinette Rebecca Norfleet Smallwood (1864-1926), Marilou Burch Smallwood, John Bennett Boddie, Doctor Claiborne T. Smith, Jr. and Doctor Ben E. Norfleet, Sr. have significantly contributed to Norfleet genealogy. During the 1940’s and early 1950’s, Claiborne T. Smith, Jr. provided invaluable assistance to Fillmore Norfleet in identifying the eleven children of John Norfleet (1699-1753) of Chowan County, North Carolina. In the 1980’s, Ben E. Norfleet, Sr. edited and published the newsletter of the Thomas Norfleet: 1666 Society and thereby made Norfleet genealogical information available to a nationwide audience. In addition to the aforesaid individuals, there are two people who deserve very special mention for their basic research among the primary documents of Colonial Virginia and North Carolina.

Stuart Hall Hill (1876-1948)

The son of North Carolina jurist, Thomas Norfleet Hill (1838-1904), Stuart Hall Hill attended the University of North Carolina from 1893 to 1896. He subsequently settled in New York City and, in 1910, worked as the private secretary to Theodore Roosevelt. He married Madeline Blossom of New York, but they had no children. He was a great-great-grandson of Reuben Norfleet (1730-1801) of Bertie County, North Carolina. In the 1920’s and 1930’s, Stuart prepared a series of typed manuscripts pertaining to the genealogy of many northeastern North Carolina families, including the Hill, Smith, Whitmel, Blount, Pugh, Urquahrt and Norfleet families.

With respect to the North Carolina Norfleets, instead of being satisfied just with input from family members, Mr. Hill reviewed most of the early wills and some of the land records of the North Carolina Norfleets. It was primarily through his work that the three sons of Thomas Norfleet, Jr. were identified. His work includes one major error, in that he concluded that John Norfleet (1699-1753) of Chowan was a son of James Norfleet (d. 1732) of Perquimans County, North Carolina and a grandson of Thomas Norfleet, Jr. of Nansemond County, Virginia. This conclusion was later proven to be wrong by Fillmore Norfleet and Clairborn T. Smith, Jr. John Norfleet of Chowan was the son of John (who was cited in the 1704 Nansemond County, Virginia Quitrent Roll) and, thus, was almost certainly the grandson of the original Norfleet immigrant to Virginia, Thomas Northfleete.

Several versions of Mr. Hill’s typescripts are located in major public and university libraries around the country. The versions vary significantly in the size and scope. The copy at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill is the most complete version. In this version, the discussion of the Norfleet family is found in Volume 5. The following table identifies the principal locations of the Stuart Hall Hill documents:

Table – Locations of the Stuart Hall Hill Manuscripts

Name of Library

No. of Volumes

No. of Pages

Wilson Memorial Library, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill



North Carolina State Library, Raleigh



New York Public Library (on 42nd Street)



Warrenton Public Library, North Carolina



Son of the American Revolution Library



Richmond Public Library, Virginia



Ashville Public Library, North Carolina



Nashville Public Library, Tennessee



Norfolk Public Library, Virginia



Robert Fillmore Norfleet (1903-1987)

Unquestionably, the foremost genealogist of the Norfleet family is Robert Fillmore Norfleet, known to most people as Fillmore Norfleet. Fillmore was born in the heart of Norfleet country, at Suffolk, Virginia in 1903. He descended from Norfleets on both his father’s and his mother’s side of the family. He also was related to President Millard Fillmore, from whence he obtained his middle name of Fillmore. By education he was admirably suited to perform serious genealogical research, holding a law degree from Washington and Lee University and a Doctorate in French Literature from the University of Virginia. By profession, he was a teacher at Woodberry Forest School in Virginia. In about the year 1940, he took up the study of Norfleet family genealogy. Over the years he published six books concerning local history and genealogy. They are:

    1.  Saint-Memin in Virginia

    2.  Nansemond County, Virginia, Census of 1850

    3.  Suffolk in Virginia

    4.  Letters of Archibald Allen to William G. Driver

    5.  Elisha Norfleet (1800-1869): His Family and Documents

    6.  Bible and Other Records of Suffolk and Nansemond County, Virginia

Fillmore was a prodigious writer. There are twenty-two boxes of his papers on file at the Virginia State Library; there are also seventeen boxes of his materials at the Virginia Historical Society in Richmond! During his lifetime, Dr. Norfleet probably reviewed every Colonial Virginia document that makes any mention of the Norfleet family. Perhaps his most important contribution to Norfleet genealogy was his work in publishing the Bible record and establishing the identity of the eleven children of John Norfleet (1699-1753) of Chowan County, North Carolina. This Bible record is the oldest known original document concerning the Norfleet family in America. Unfortunately, the current location of this Bible record is now unknown, at least to me!

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